Study links oral antibiotic use to possible painful side effect

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Around 30 percent of the prescribed antibiotic files are not the right medication according to Tasian. Tasian noted that kidney stones were previously rare in children.

According to a new study, it is suggested that consuming antibiotics on a regular basis can get you into the risks of kidney stones.

"Sulfa drugs include medications like Septer or Bactrim some of the other antibiotic classes include fluoroquinolones which would be something like ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin and Levaquin", said Tasian. Their goal is to expand this research into broader, population-based studies to better understand how variations in microbiome composition may influence the development of kidney stones. While antibiotics are essential for stopping serious infections, Dr. Tasian says: "We should be using antibiotics appropriately and judiciously".

It's estimated that about 30 percent of antibiotic prescriptions are inappropriate.

But for those who took broad-spectrum penicillins the risk was slightly less, at 27pc higher than normal.

For Emma, drinking lots of water helps keep the kidney stones from coming back-a fear she now lives with.

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A study published Thursday in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology found that taking any of five types of oral antibiotics was associated with a significantly higher risk of developing kidney stones - mineral and salt deposits that form in the kidneys and must be passed through the urinary tract.

Now, that the link has been established between antibiotics and stones.

Experts say its not surprising because children take more antibiotics than any other group.

Drawing on health records from the United Kingdom, the team analysed prior antibiotic exposure for almost 26,000 patients with kidney stones and compared them with almost 260,000 control subjects.

Results Exposure to any of five different antibiotic classes 3-12 months before index date was associated with nephrolithiasis. For the broad-spectrum penicillins, the risks were increased by 27%.

While scientists have known about the changes antibiotics have on the human microbiome - crucial to our day-to-day health - this is the first time that a disruption in the microbiome has been linked to the occurrence of kidney stones. Also, the risk was greatest for exposures at younger ages. Kidney stones are more common in adults than in kids, but more children and teenagers are getting them lately and some doctors at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia think antibiotics may play a role.

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