Himid was born on the island of Zanzibar, off the coast of Tanzania, in 1954.
The Preston, England-based artist was awarded the 25,000-pound ($34,000) prize at a ceremony in the English city of Hull.
Lubaina Himid has been named the victor of the UK's prestigious Turner Prize, making history as both the oldest artist to receive the award as well as the first African woman to do so. While Rosalind Nashashibi, 44, made films focused on tense human situations in far-flung places, such as an abortive trip to the Gaza Strip, to quite haunting effect.
And what's more, unlike the other three artists on this year's shortlist, Himid doesn't work and live in London, or any other European capital.
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The jury was led by the Tate Britain director Alex Farquharson and included the Frieze editor Dan Fox, the critic Martin Herbert, the Walker Art Center scholar Mason Leaver-Yap and the The Showroom director Emily Pethick. Turner Prize 2017 is now on display at the Ferens Art Gallery and runs until 7 January 2018. She is now based in Preston, England; her work primarily addresses racial politics and the representation of black people in art. Previously it had been used as a platform to promote the work of younger artists. The enthusiasm has been incredible and everyone is talking about it, which demonstrates people's intrigue and appetite for contemporary art. Visitors are embracing the show and also enjoying the gallery's strong permanent collection.
This year's shortlist was also noted for being one of the most diverse.
Lubaina Himid has won the Turner Prize for what judges describe as her "expansive and exuberant approach to painting, which combines satire and a sense of theatre".
Himid has consistently foregrounded the contribution of African diaspora to Western culture. Working across painting, installation, drawing and printmaking, and bringing both old and new work together, her work is both visually arresting and critical. The jury praised Anderson as an outstanding British painter whose art speaks to our current political moment with questions about identity and belonging and recognised a deeper interplay between figuration and abstraction in his work. Her works exhibited in Hull date from the 80s until today and showcase her talent across a wide range of mediums, with works done in newspaper, paintings and wooden sculptures.